How Are You?

¿Cómo Estás?

Introduction Introducción
Spanish has both a formal and informal way of addressing people. This makes asking the simple question "How are you?" slightly more complicated than in English. You need to know which "you" to use:

the informal, which takes the second-person verb tense, or

usted the formal, which takes the third-person verb tense, like "he", "she" or "it".

is used among close friends, family, and people younger than you. Usted is used for strangers - or even acquaintances - and people older than you.

It is very important to know which level of formality to use. It can be very insulting to someone to address them incorrectly.

To learn more about , usted and similar words, check out the subject pronouns lesson.
Vocabulary Vocabulario
Play
you informal nominative
Play usted
you formal nominative you formal disjunctive
Play bien
good fine well
Play bueno
good
Play malo
bad
Play suerte
luck
Play estar
to be temporal
Phrases Frases
Play Cuidate
Take care
Play Buena suerte.
Good Luck
Play ¿Cómo está?
How are you? formal
Play ¿Cómo estás?
How are you? informal
Play ¿Todo bien?
Everything okay?
Play Bien.
Fine.
Play Estoy bien.
I'm fine.
Play No estoy muy bien
I'm not very well.
Play Muy bien.
Very good.
Play Más o menos
Just okay (More or less).
Play Mal
Bad
Play ¿Y tú?
And you? informal
Play ¿Y usted?
And you? formal
What's the difference between "malo" and "mal"?

Hi, mi name is Alejandra, but you can call me Ale. The question is: What's the difference between "malo" and "mal"? MALO is an adjective, MAL is an adverb. BAD. people, things, situations: bad quality, or bad for your health or well-being. So, here are a few examples: ¿Qué tal estuvo la película? Muy mala. How was the movie? Really bad. BAD quality. Fumar es malo para tu salud. Smoking is bad for your health. THE VERB SMOKING IS USED AS A NOUN HERE, SO WE USE MALO. WRONG. You use the word mal to describe an action that is being executed in an unsatisfactory way. Here are a few examples: Mirna coció mal el arroz. Mirna cooked the rice wrong. Luis contestó mal el examen. Luis answered the test wrong. We never use the verb SER with MAL. We use the verb ESTAR. If we want to say: Victor is wrong, we don't say: Víctor es mal we say: Víctor ESTÁ mal. WATCH OUT. 1. Malo changes to mal when it comes before a masculine noun, but it remains an adjective. José is a bad dancer. José es un mal bailarín. MAL is still describing José as a dancer, but we remove the O for phonetic reasons.

How do you say "this is cool" in Spanish?

“Esto es genial”, or simply “es genial”, means “this is cool”, but we have many other colloquial ways to say it too. For example, “esto es chévere” or “es chévere”, “esto es chido”, “esto mola”, “esto es bacano”, "esto es rebueno". Most of the time when speaking we don’t mention the demonstrative pronoun “esto”, since it's usually assumed.

What's the difference between "bueno" and "bien" in Spanish?

Hello! My name is Alejandra, and the question I'm gonna answer today is: What's the difference between "bueno" and "bien" in Spanish? I'll start by saying that BUENO is an adjective, and BIEN is an adverb. BUENO is equivalent to GOOD, and BIEN is equivalent to WELL. We use BUENO to describe people, things, or situations. ¿Qué tal está tu libro? Muy BUENO. How's your book? Really GOOD. El ejercicio es BUENO para la salud. Exercise is GOOD for your health. We use BIEN to describe an action or a state of being: Irene maneja (o conduce) muy BIEN. Irene drives really well. El proyecto va bien. The project is going well. We use BIEN with the verb ESTAR, never with the verb SER. If we want to say: Emma is well, we don't say: Emma ES BIEN (NO) we say: Emma ESTÁ BIEN (YES) WATCH OUT. 1. BUENO changes to BUEN when it comes before a masculine noun, but it's still an adjective. Sherlock Holmes is a good detective. Sherlock Holmes es un BUEN detective. BUEN is describing Sherlock Holmes as a detective. We remove the O for phonetic reasons. I hope this cleared all your doubts. Remember you can book private sessions with me if you'd like and I'll be happy to be your teacher. Have a nice day!

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