How Are You?

¿Cómo Estás?

Introduction

Introducción

Spanish has both a formal and informal way of addressing people. This makes asking the simple question "How are you?" slightly more complicated than in English. You need to know which "you" to use:

the informal, which takes the second-person verb tense, or

usted the formal, which takes the third-person verb tense, like "he", "she" or "it".

is used among close friends, family, and people younger than you. Usted is used for strangers - or even acquaintances - and people older than you.

It is very important to know which level of formality to use. It can be very insulting to someone to address them incorrectly.

To learn more about , usted and similar words, check out the subject pronouns lesson.

Vocabulary

Vocabulario

Play
you informal nominative
Play usted
you formal nominative you formal disjunctive
Play bien
good fine well
Play bueno
good
Play malo
bad
Play suerte
luck
Play estar
to be temporal

Phrases

Frases

Play Cuidate
Take care
Play Buena suerte
Good Luck
Play ¿Cómo está?
How are you? formal
Play ¿Cómo estás?
How are you? informal
Play ¿Todo bien?
Everything okay?
Play Bien.
Fine.
Play Estoy bien.
I'm fine.
Play No estoy muy bien
I'm not very well.
Play Muy bien.
Very good.
Play Más o menos
Just okay (More or less).
Play Mal.
Bad.
Play ¿Y tú?
And you? informal
Play ¿Y usted?
And you? formal

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