Questions and Answers about the Portuguese Language

Perguntas e Respostas sobre o idioma português

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  • Videos must be 1-3 minutes in length.
  • Begin each video by introducing yourself and reading the question aloud.
  • Include a variety of examples in your answer, and provide counter-examples if applicable.
  • After answering the question, remind students they can book private video sessions with you.
What's the difference between "você" and "tu"?

Hello, I’m Guilherme, one of the Portuguese Ambassadors and today I’m going to answer the question: What’s the difference between “tu” and “você”? The quick answer is: they both mean “you”. But, when you’re using “tu”, you have to use the second conjugation, the second person and when you’re using “você”, it’s the third person conjugation. The main reason for this, it’s because in the past “você” was kind of like a title, so it’s kind of like saying “Your Highness” or “Your Honour”. But, you’re never going to say “Your Highness are right or wrong”, you’re going to say “Your Highness is right or wrong”. It’s the third person. So it’s the same idea, when you use “você” it’s the third person. So for example, if we’re using the verb “to eat”, “comer”, if you’re using “tu”, you’re going to say “tu comes”, but if you’re using “você”, you’re going to say “você come”, which is the same as “he” or “she” or “it”. “Ele come”, “ela come”, “você come”. You’re probably going to hear a lot more “tus” in the south of Brazil and the north of Brazil. And kind of like in the middle, a lot more “você”, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais. And when it comes to Portuguese from Portugal, the main difference is that “você” is formal and “tu” is informal. So, in a formal setting, you’re going to say “você”, “você”, “você” and in a informal setting, “tu”. And, I’d say this is probably, yeah, the main difference.

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What's the difference between "esse/essa" and "aquele/aquela"?

Welcome! My name is prof. Renato and today I want to answer the question:"What is the difference between ESSE/ESSA and AQUELE/AQUELA?". Esse/Essa and Aquele?Aquela is, what we call in grammar, demonstrative pronouns that are words that show around the objects mostly that we use, as for example: O LAPIZEIRO / A GARRAFA. If I want to talk about these objects and point at them I will say: ESSE LAPIZEIRO / ESSA GARRAFA. If they are far away I will say: AQUELE LAPIZEIRO or AQUELA GARRAFA. So this can also be possible for plurals: ESSES LAPIZEIROS / AQUELES LAPIZEIROS and if I had two bottles: ESSAS GARRAFAS / AQUELAS GARRAFAS. The translation in English would be: THIS PEN/THIS BOTTLE and THAT PEN/THAT BOTTLE and in the plural: THESE PENS/THESE BOTTLES and THOSE PENS/THOSE BOTTLES. Eu penso que e' tudo por hoje, I think this is all for now and I also want to tell you that if you want to have classes with me you just need to book on Polly Lingual and that is possible by finding my calendar and clicking on it. If this is not the case that you can not find any available classes you are very welcome to send a message to me and I will see what we can do together. Thank you very much and see you next time. Thank you!

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What's the difference between "ser" and "estar" in Portuguese?

Hello, my dear Polly Lingual students! Today I will answer the question about SER e (and) ESTAR. They are both verbs in Portuguese and Spanish that mean TO BE. The difference between SER e(and) ESTAR is very simple. SER is used when you are not waiting for a change and with ESTAR you can always wait for something that will change. For example when you present yourself: "I'M A MAN"(SOU UM HOMEM) or I'M A TEACHER (SOU UM PROFESSOR) but if you talk about the weather you will say: "O TEMPO ESTA' BOM" (THE WEATHER IS GOOD) "aqui temos a grande diferenca" (here is the main difference). SER is always for something that you do not wait to happen or you do not hope will change. That generally will continue the same way as always. ELE E' UM BOM AMIGO (he is a good friend) (that is constant in his friendship) but ELE ESTA' COM DOR DE CABECA (he has a headache)(that will hopefully finish soon). So it is a little confusing at the beginning, mostly if you are a native English speaker and you want to learn this verb duplication because on one side you must remember that SER it is always for when it does not change. EU SOU (I AM without changing) VOCE, ELE, ELA E' (you, he, she is without changing) NOS SOMOS (we are without changing and VOCES, ELES ELAS SAO (You, They are without changing). EU ESTOU (I am for the moment) VOCE, ELE, ELA ESTA" (you, he, she is for the moment) NOS ESTAMOS (we are for the moment) VOCES, ELES, ELAS ESTAO (You, They are for the moment). These are the declinations (conjugations) of both SER

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