Ser vs Estar

Ser vs Estar



Both ser and estar translate as to be in English, but are used in different contexts.

ser describes permanent conditions like names, nationalities, and other aspects of identity.

estar describes statuses like locations, moods, or other temporary conditions.

Both ser and estar have highly irregular conjugations, so it's good to practice them a lot.



Play ser
to be essential
Play estar
to be temporal



Play Ella está pálida.
She is looking pale.

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