Demonstrative Adjectives

Los Adjetivos Demostrativos

Introduction Introducción
Demonstrative adjectives are words used to indicate specific objects in relation to the speaker and listener. In English these are words like “this”, “these”, “that” and “those”.

In Spanish they are nearly identical to the demonstrative pronouns. Both must match the gender and plurality of the objects they describe, like most other adjectives in Spanish.

They also have two different words equivalent to “that” in English. Ese used for nearby objects, and aquel used for distant objects, far away from both the speaker and listener.

The major differences are that the demonstrative adjectives do not use the diacritical marks above the first vowel like the pronouns do (though according to Real Academia Español it is technically only required for pronouns when settling ambiguity), and demonstrative adjectives do not have a neuter form like esto.
MasculineFeminine
Near speaker Singular
Play este
this
Play esta
this
Plural
Play estos
these
Play estas
these
Near listener,
far from speaker
Singular
Play ese
that
Play esa
that
Plural
Play esos
those
Play esas
those
Far Singular
Play aquel
that
Play aquella
that
Plural
Play aquellos
those
Play aquellas
those
Have questions about this lesson? ¿Tienes preguntas de esta lección?

Get a video answer from a Polly Ambassador, if your question is relevant and interesting.

Change language Français Español English Deutsch Português