How Are You?

Wie geht es dir?

Introduction

Einführung

German has both a formal and informal way of addressing people. This makes asking the simple question "How are you?" slightly more complicated than in English. You need to know which "you" to use:

du the informal, which takes the second-person singular verb tense, or

sie the formal, with a uppercase S, which also doubles as the third-person plural, equivalent to "they". With a lowercase S (sie) it is the third-person singular feminine pronoun, equivalent to "she".

Du is used among close friends, family, and people younger than you. Sie is used for strangers - or even acquaintances - and people older than you.

It is very important to use which level of formality to use. It can be very insulting to someone to address them incorrectly.

To learn more about du, Sie and similar words, check out the subject pronouns lesson.

Phrases

Redewendungen

Play Pass auf dich auf
Take care
Play Viel Glück
Good luck
Play Wie geht es Ihnen?
How are you? formal
Play Wie geht es dir?
How are you? informal
Play Wie geht's?
What's up?
Play Alles ok?
Everything okay?
Play Gut.
Fine.
Play Mir geht's gut.
I'm fine.
Play Mir geht es nicht sehr gut.
I'm not very well.
Play Und du?
And you? informal
Play Und Sie?
And you? formal
Play Sehr gut.
Very good.
Play Nicht so gut.
Not well
Play Schlecht.
Bad.

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