Grammatical Cases in Spanish

Los casos gramaticales de español

Introduction

Introducción

Cases describe the grammatical functions of nouns, pronouns and noun phrases, such as whether they are the subject of the clause or a subordinate object.

Nominative Case

El caso nominativo

The nominative case, also called the subjective, marks the subject of a phrase. The subject is the noun (or pronoun) that performs the action of the verb. For example, in the phrase "She helped him", the subject is "she", who performs the action of helping.

Accusative Case

El caso acusativo

The accusative case deals with direct objects. In English for example, in the sentence "I drink coffee", the direct object is "coffee", and thus it is in the accusative case.

It is sometimes called the oblique case, especially when combined with the dative case.

Dative Case

El caso dativo

The dative case marks indirect objects, which are usually used with a preposition. For example in the phrase "talk to him", the direct object is "him" because it is the thing to which the action is given.

It is sometimes called the oblique case too, especially when combined with the accusative case.

Genitive Case

El caso genitivo

Also called the possessive case, the genitive case marks objects as pertaining or belonging to another object. For example, in the phrase "it is mine", the pronoun "mine" is in the genitive case.

Disjunctive Case

El caso disyuntivo

Sometimes called the prepositional case, the disjunctive case marks objects are being separated (or disjoined) from the verb usually by a preposition.

For example, in the phrase "bring it to me", the word "me" is in the disjunctive case.

Additional Reading

Lectura adicional

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