Demonstrative Pronouns

Les pronoms démonstratifs

Introduction Introduction
French demonstrative pronouns are all based on the on the word ce, which also functions as the singular masculine demonstrative adjective.

By itself as pronoun ce can mean "this", "that" or "it" for both masculine and feminine subjects. When it comes before a vowel or "h" it is contracted to simple c'.

For indirect and disjunctive objects ce combines with lui (him) and elle/le (her) to form celui and celle. The plural of these are ceux and celles.

For added specificity ce can also combine with and ici to form cela (that) and ceci (this). In reality though, cela is rarely used except in formal writing, and ceci is used in conversation as both "this" and "that".

In informal French ça is used in place is of ce. Ça continues to contract to c' before vowels and "h".
MasculineFeminine
Nominative Singular
Play ce
it demonstrative this demonstrative that demonstrative
Play ça
it demonstrative this demonstrative that informal demonstrative
Oblique Singular
Play celui
this one demonstrative that one demonstrative
Play celle
this one demonstrative that one demonstrative
Plural
Play ceux
these ones demonstrative those ones demonstrative
Play celles
these ones demonstrative those ones demonstrative
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